Which Copper Pitcher is Best?

While it is well-known that drinking water from a copper pitcher can have incredible health benefits, did you also know that some kinds of copper pitchers are better for your health than other kinds? In this blog post, we’ll describe a three-step process that you can use to ensure that you are choosing the copper pitcher that is right for you.

Is it 100% Pure High-Grade Copper?

The first question you should ask when evaluating a copper pitcher is whether it is made from 100% pure high-grade food-safe copper. As the popularity of copper pitchers has increased in recent years, so have the numbers of sellers trying to pass off cheap metal pitchers as real copper pitchers. In particular, a number of manufacturers (most of which are selling on Amazon, Ebay, and Etsy) falsely claim to sell pure copper pitchers that are actually only plain metal pitchers plated with copper, or, in more egregious cases, plain metal pitchers covered with a thin coat of metallic copper paint.

There are a number of problems with these “fake” copper pitchers. First, the copper plating or metallic paint will start to rub off these pitchers after only a few months of use, leaving you with a very unattractive water pitcher. More significantly, water pitchers produced by those manufacturers are often made from a cheap alloy of metals which can include dangerous metals such as lead. As a result, water stored in these copper pitchers can become highly toxic.

If a water pitcher is made from 100% pure copper, you should also evaluate the grade and quality of the copper. Copper varies greatly in price depending on the quality of the copper, with lower quality copper being available quite cheaply. Although a number of manufacturers (most of which are selling on Amazon, Ebay, and Etsy) are able to offer their pitchers at a low price, they are able to do so because they are using low quality copper that is not food-grade and therefore not suitable for drinking water. In addition, lower quality copper is often prone to chipping, which can result in dangerous copper shards ending up in your drinking water.

We are pleased to say that all of our pitchers are made of 100% pure high-grade food-safe copper. Our copper pitchers are of exceptional high quality and will last a lifetime.

How is the Handle Attached to the Pitcher?

The second question you should ask when evaluating a copper pitcher is how the handle is attached to the pitcher. In general, handles are either welded or riveted. There are some very important differences between the two that can make all the difference to your health.

When a handle is welded, it means that heat has been used to melt copper in the handle in order to attach the handle to the body of the copper pitcher. The welding process should, if performed properly, leave the interior of the body of the copper pitcher completely intact. Although welding is a more complicated and expensive process, it will, when properly performed, ensure that the copper pitcher will be completely water-tight and leak free.

Conversely, when a handle is riveted, it means that metal bolts have been used to attach the handle to the body of the copper pitcher. The riveting process is much easier and cheaper than the welding process, and is therefore the preferred method for attaching handles for many manufacturers. However, there are several problems with the riveting process. First, the rivets themselves are rarely copper and are often made from a metal alloy which contains toxic metals such as lead. Second, the riveting process creates holes in the body of the copper pitcher which lead to constant leaking.

In order to avoid leaks, manufacturers who produce riveted copper pitchers often add a few dollops of glue to the interior of the copper pitcher in order to “plug” the holes left by the rivets. Although the addition of glue may stop the leaks, the glue has a very strong chemical smell, is highly toxic and will contaminate the water stored in the pitcher. Definitely something to avoid!

We recommend that you ensure that the copper pitcher you are considering has a welded handle rather than a riveted handle. In addition, you should also ensure that the welding process has been properly performed. Welding is a complex process, and, in many cases, inexperienced manufacturers apply too much heat during the welding process which causes microscopic holes to be “burnt” through the body of the copper pitcher. Although these holes are small and hard to see, they will eventually lead to leaks in the same way as pitchers with riveted handles.

We are pleased to say that all of our copper pitchers are handcrafted with handles that have been welded (rather than riveted) to the body of the copper pitcher, which leaves it intact on the inside and ensures that it remains water-tight and leak-free. In addition, all of our pitchers are handmade by skilled craftsmen to ensure perfection in the welding process.

What is the Texture of the Copper Pitcher?

The third question you should ask when considering purchasing a copper pitcher is its texture. In general, copper water pitchers are either smooth or hammered.

A smooth copper pitcher is made from copper sheets that are flat and have not been indented. Conversely, a hammered copper pitcher is essentially a smooth copper pitcher that has had its exterior “tapped” hundreds of times with a small hammer in order to create an indented texture.

Hammered copper pitchers have two very significant benefits. First, the hammering creates a beautiful and unique aesthetic which also reduces the occurrence and visibility of copper patina, which is generated through the natural process of oxidation. In addition, and more importantly, the hammering increases the surface area of the copper inside the copper pitcher, which means that a greater amount of copper will make contact with the water stored in the copper pitcher. The greater the physical contact between the water and the copper pitcher, the greater the health benefits for you.

We are pleased to say that all of our copper pitchers are hammered in order to create a beautiful and unique aesthetic and maximize the health benefits enjoyed by our customers.


Copper Pitchers and the Oligodynamic Effect

Remember when doorknobs were made from copper or brass and cutlery was made from silver? As it turns out, these frequently touched items were made from these metals quite deliberately and for a very good reason. In this blog post, we’ll describe the amazing anti-bacterial properties of copper which are a result of a natural phenomenon known as the “oligodynamic effect”.

Copper has been used since ancient times to disinfect and purify water. In addition, several recent studies have established that copper surfaces may have practical applications in healthcare as well as in the food industry. Copper is an essential element in the human diet and is considered safe for humans when consumed at low levels. However, while humans are not susceptible to copper, microorganisms such as harmful bacteria are very sensitive to the presence of copper, and, in fact, show rapid inactivation when exposed to copper surfaces. As a result, copper pitchers can be very effective at purifying water and eliminating water-borne pathogens.

Various studies have shown that water pitchers made from copper were effective at removing bacteria from water. For example, in one recent study scientists studied the effect of a copper pitcher on drinking water contaminated with dangerous bacteria including E.coli and salmonella. The scientists stored the contaminated water in the copper pitchers for 16 hours at room temperature, and to their amazement, were later unable to recover any bacteria from the water.

In another recent study, researchers studied the best method to remove biological contamination from drinking water for domestic use. In particular, the researches stored contaminated drinking water in a variety of different water pitchers made from copper, silver, clay, and plastic. The study revealed that the copper pitcher was the most effective at removing the bacteria in the water and that there was a very significant inhibitory effect on the bacteria after only a few hours of storage in the copper pitcher.

In yet another recent study, scientists contaminated water with bacteria and then stored the water overnight at room temperature in both copper water pitchers and glass bottles. When examined in the morning, the bacteria was no longer present in the water that has been stored in the copper water pitchers, although the bacteria was present in the water stored in the glass bottles.

This phenomenon is known as the oligodynamic effect, which one recent study defines as “the ability of small amounts of heavy metals to exert a lethal effect on bacterial cells.” In particular, certain metals including copper have been found to effectively sterilize themselves after a certain period of time, which makes them ideal metals for water pitchers and doorknobs. Copper is a unique metal in this regard, as certain other metals, such as stainless steel and aluminum, do not have a significant effect on harmful bacteria.

But how does the oligodynamic effect work? While the mechanism is not yet fully understood by modern science, studies suggest that copper ions cause membrane damage to bacteria by affecting the protein in the bacteria’s cell walls thereby resulting in their precipitation and inactivation.

The results of these studies support the ancient ayurvedic practice of storing water in copper vessels. Significantly, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has registered copper as the only solid surface material able to kill bacteria that may pose a threat to human health. As a result, copper is now being considered in further applications where bacteria control is a concern, such as hospitals. In fact, many hospitals have begun equipping their patient rooms and operating rooms with copper alloy surfaces, replacing bed rails, tables, and door knobs. In fact, studies have shown that such changes can help reduce the number of healthcare-acquired infections in patients by more than half.

The next time you touch a stainless steel doorknob, be warned that this metal can be a major source of bacteria, some surviving for more than a month. In fact, recent studies of hospital doorknobs have found that copper doorknobs impeded bacterial growth, while aluminum and stainless steel permitted bacteria to run wild. In fact, within 15 minutes the copper doorknob had already partially disinfected itself. Perhaps copper doorknobs will become popular once again, all thanks to the ogliodynamic effect.


Using Copper Infused Water in Skincare

While there are many benefits associated with drinking water from a copper pitcher, including healthy skin, did you know you can also use water from your copper pitcher externally as part of your skincare regime to treat and prevent acne? In this blog post, we discuss the research and science behind the soothing and healing properties of copper when applied to the skin and also share how to make your own colloidal copper facial mist easily at home.

Copper has been shown to increase skin cell division and tissue remodeling, which means that it is able to help heal acne lesions. In fact, a recent study explored infusing wound dressings (essentially bandages) with a copper solution and found an increased rate of healing which started in mere minutes.

In addition, copper also has excellent antibacterial and antifungal properties, and can therefore be a safe and gentle way to inhibit acne-causing bacteria. In fact, a study conducted in 2015 found that copper was able to eliminate up to 70% of P. acnes bacteria. Copper is also proven to reduce skin inflammation. For instance, copper is an essential component of the antioxidant Superoxide Dismutase (SOD). When applied to the skin, it soothes inflammation reducing redness and swelling.

The benefits of copper for skincare are becoming more popular and widely recognized. Creams and serums containing copper peptides (essentially copper attached to a protein) retail for upwards of a hundred dollars. Unfortunately, those creams often also contain chemicals that are not ideal for your skin. Fortunately, there is a simpler, healthier and more affordable way to experience the soothing and healing benefits of copper at home by making your own colloidal copper solution using a copper pitcher like ours.

What is a "colloidal solution", you might ask? A "colloid" is  essentially a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance. A colloidal copper solution can be created through the Ayurvedic practice of storing water in a copper pitcher for a period of 8 to 16 hours. When you store water in a copper pitcher, the water naturally and safely absorbs very small amounts of copper which are suspended evenly throughout the water.

To make your own colloidal copper facial mist, simply follow these simple steps: 

  • Fill your copper water pitcher with filtered room temperature water;
  • Let the water sit in your copper pitcher for 8 to 16 hours;
  • Pour the copper infused water into a clean misting bottle (preferably glass as plastic misting bottles can leach plastic into the solution); and
  • Spritz the copper infused water on your face in the morning as a toner or make-up setting spray and throughout the day as a refreshing and hydrating mist.
  • If you experience a breakout of acne, try spritzing your entire face with the solution on clean skin before bed.

To add a scent and additional benefits to the facial mist, try adding a few drops of your favourite essential oil such as tea tree or lavender which also have soothing and antimicrobial properties.

The colloidal copper facial mist is an inexpensive and natural way to prevent and treat acne. Get your own copper pitcher today to begin reaping the benefits of copper infused water!


Health Benefits of Copper Pitchers: Recent Studies

While the concept of storing water in copper vessels arose centuries ago and has its origins in Ayurvedic medicine, it is increasingly gaining attention from the mainstream scientific community. In particular, recent studies have confirmed that water stored in a copper vessel can have very attractive health benefits.

One recent study concerning the health benefits of drinking water stored in a copper water pitcher was inspired by the reality that microbially-unsafe water is still a major concern in most developing countries. The researchers noted that although many water-purification methods exist, they are expensive and beyond the reach of many people, especially in rural areas.

In light of the fact that Ayurveda recommends the use of copper for storing drinking-water, the objective of the researchers’ study was to evaluate the effect of a copper jug on microbially-contaminated drinking-water.

In brief, the researchers began by contaminating drinking water with a significant quantity of various dangerous and potentially life-threatening bacteria, including e. coli, salmonella, and many others. Once the water was thoroughly contaminated by the bacteria, the researchers left it in a copper pitcher for 16 hours at room temperature.

Incredibly, following the 16 hour storage period, no bacteria could be recovered from the copper pitcher. In addition, recovery attempts failed even after the researchers attempted to “resuscitate” the bacteria by pouring enrichment broth into the water in order to “feed” the bacteria.

In that same study, the researchers also concluded that storage of water in the copper jug caused the pH of the water to increase. In particular, after 16 hours, the pH of the water increased from 7.83 to 7.93 while the other attributes of the water remained unchanged. Various other studies have shown that drinking natural alkaline water can have a wide variety of health benefits.

In another recent study, the same researchers poured water contaminated with bacteria into a copper jug as well as glass bottles and stored them for a number of hours at room temperature. Although no bacteria was later recoverable from the copper jug, bacteria was recoverable from the glass bottles.

In essence, the researchers concluded in both studies that the storage of the contaminated water in the copper jug had completely eliminated the bacteria. They also concluded that “copper holds promise as a point-of-use solution for microbial purification of drinking-water, especially in developing countries.”