Best Copper Water Vessel: Complete Guide

Best Copper Water Vessel: Complete Guide

Drinking water from a copper vessel can have incredible health benefits, but did you know that some kinds of copper water vessels are better for your health than others? In this post, we’ll describe a three-step process that you can use to ensure that you are choosing the pitcher that is right for you. 

Is it 100% Pure High-Grade Copper?

The first question you should ask when evaluating a copper pitcher is whether it is made from 100% pure high-grade food-safe copper. As the popularity of copper pitchers has increased in recent years, so have the numbers of sellers trying to pass off cheap metal pitchers as real copper pitchers. In particular, a number of manufacturers (most of which are selling on Amazon, Ebay, and Etsy) falsely claim to sell pure copper pitchers that are actually only plain metal pitchers plated with copper, or, in more egregious cases, plain metal pitchers covered with a thin coat of metallic copper paint.

There are a number of problems with these “fake” copper pitchers. First, the copper plating or metallic paint will start to rub off these pitchers after only a few months of use, leaving you with a very unattractive water pitcher. More significantly, water pitchers produced by those manufacturers are often made from a cheap alloy of metals which can include dangerous metals such as lead. As a result, water stored in these copper pitchers can become highly toxic.

If a water pitcher is made from 100% pure copper, you should also evaluate the grade and quality of the copper. Copper varies greatly in price depending on the quality of the copper, with lower quality copper being available quite cheaply. Although a number of manufacturers (most of which are selling on Amazon, Ebay, and Etsy) are able to offer their pitchers at a low price, they are able to do so because they are using low quality copper that is not food-grade and therefore not suitable for drinking water. In addition, lower quality copper is often prone to chipping, which can result in dangerous copper shards ending up in your drinking water.

We are pleased to say that all of our copper pitchers are made of 100% pure high-grade food-safe copper. Our copper pitchers are of exceptional high quality and will last a lifetime.

How is the Handle Attached to the Pitcher?

The second question you should ask when evaluating a copper pitcher is how the handle is attached to the pitcher. In general, handles are either welded or riveted. There are some very important differences between the two that can make all the difference to your health.

When a handle is welded, it means that heat has been used to melt copper in the handle in order to attach the handle to the body of the copper pitcher. The welding process should, if performed properly, leave the interior of the body of the copper pitcher completely intact. Although welding is a more complicated and expensive process, it will, when properly performed, ensure that the copper pitcher will be completely water-tight and leak free.

Conversely, when a handle is riveted, it means that metal bolts have been used to attach the handle to the body of the copper pitcher. The riveting process is much easier and cheaper than the welding process, and is therefore the preferred method for attaching handles for many manufacturers. However, there are several problems with the riveting process. First, the rivets themselves are rarely copper and are often made from a metal alloy which contains toxic metals such as lead. Second, the riveting process creates holes in the body of the copper pitcher which lead to constant leaking.

In order to avoid leaks, manufacturers who produce riveted copper pitchers often add a few dollops of glue to the interior of the copper pitcher in order to “plug” the holes left by the rivets. Although the addition of glue may stop the leaks, the glue has a very strong chemical smell, is highly toxic and will contaminate the water stored in the pitcher. Definitely something to avoid!

We recommend that you ensure that the copper pitcher you are considering has a welded handle rather than a riveted handle. In addition, you should also ensure that the welding process has been properly performed. Welding is a complex process, and, in many cases, inexperienced manufacturers apply too much heat during the welding process which causes microscopic holes to be “burnt” through the body of the copper pitcher. Although these holes are small and hard to see, they will eventually lead to leaks in the same way as pitchers with riveted handles.

We are pleased to say that all of our copper pitchers are handcrafted with handles that have been welded (rather than riveted) to the body of the copper pitcher, which leaves it intact on the inside and ensures that it remains water-tight and leak-free. In addition, all of our pitchers are handmade by skilled craftsmen to ensure perfection in the welding process.

What is the Texture of the Copper Pitcher?

The third question you should ask when considering purchasing a copper pitcher is its texture. In general, copper water pitchers are either smooth or hammered.

A smooth copper pitcher is made from copper sheets that are flat and have not been indented. Conversely, a hammered copper pitcher is essentially a smooth copper pitcher that has had its exterior “tapped” hundreds of times with a small hammer in order to create an indented texture.

Hammered copper pitchers have two very significant benefits. First, the hammering creates a beautiful and unique aesthetic which also reduces the occurrence and visibility of copper patina, which is generated through the natural process of oxidation. In addition, and more importantly, the hammering increases the surface area of the copper inside the copper pitcher, which means that a greater amount of copper will make contact with the water stored in the copper pitcher. The greater the physical contact between the water and the copper pitcher, the greater the health benefits for you.

We are pleased to say that all of our copper water pitchers are hammered in order to create a beautiful and unique aesthetic and maximize the health benefits enjoyed by our customers. If you are looking for a high-quality 100% pure copper pitcher and cups, check out Shantiva.


How to Drink Water for Optimal Health

How to Drink Water for Optimal Health

We all drink water, but did you know that there is a right and wrong way to drink it? In this post, we discuss when, where and how to drink water, including the ideal temperature of your drinking water. Let's dive in!


You may be surprised to learn that Ayurveda has some indispensable guidelines for something we thought required no technique at all – drinking water. There are actually some sure-fire ways of drinking water that, when closely followed, could assist our bodies in achieving optimum health. Who would have thought that this basic human practice is more than just gulping down a glass of water?

According to Ayurveda, it is important to be aware of how we hydrate ourselves. This awareness, although minor in nature, can bring about life-changing effects. Imagine not rushing to the bathroom all the time, not getting headaches, not feeling bloated after meals and not getting breakouts on your face and skin. By paying attention to how we drink our water, these benefits and countless others can be easily achieved. The following suggestions are ancient Ayurvedic practices that increase the benefits of water from a health perspective.

Drink water right after you wake up in the morning

This is an ancient Ayurvedan practice called ‘Ushapan’ and is probably the first thing you should do after you wake up. You have just gone through some 6 to 8 hours without drinking any fluid, and starting your day with a glass-full of water (at least 500 mL) not only replenishes all the lost fluids in your body, but also helps your kidney cleanse out toxins that accumulated in your body during your sleep.

If you are on a diet, drinking water first thing in the morning is also the best and most natural way to increase your body’s metabolic rate. Preoccupying your digestive system with water can also help you lose weight as you will feel less hungry throughout the day. You can make this morning habit even more beneficial by charging your water using a copper vessel.

Drink water while sitting as much as possible

Sitting makes your muscles and mind more relaxed. Accordingly, drinking while in a relaxed state increases the efficiency of digestive processes. To help you relax, take deep breaths while sitting and start sipping your water.

Fluids that flow within your body become more balanced when you sit. When you drink water while standing, this balance becomes disrupted and the water you consume may not be fully absorbed by the stomach, which may lead to fluid accumulation in your joints which can cause arthritis. You will also help your kidney and digestive tract do their jobs unhampered, as the filtration and digestion processes are much more efficient while sitting.

Drink your water slowly

Our world has become very busy, and often we postpone hydration for as long as we can. Chugging a glass of water all at once has become a go-to time-saving habit. But did you know that full-glass chugging interferes with your internal organs in a way that can have adverse side effects on your body?

Chugging a large glass of water all at once can dilute your blood, which in turn may cause your kidney to process body fluids quicker than normal. This is very counterproductive, as most of the water you consumed so quickly will just be expelled again as urine, and will slow or reduce the effectiveness of your hydration process. Another potential consequence is hyponatremia, or water intoxication, although you need to consume gallons of water within a span of just a few hours for this consequence to materialize.

Keep in mind that you need to drink your water nice and slow – take small sips, swallow and breathe. Repeat this process until you feel that you are fully hydrated. Always follow this golden rule to keep yourself in a constant state of hydration and your body will thank you.

Drink warm or room temperature water

Grabbing an ice cold glass of water is tempting, but did you know that drinking warm water (or 'Gunguna') can have positive effects on the body? According to Ayurveda, warm water can promote the digestive “fire” which can make your metabolism a lot more efficient. It can also help improve your body’s circulation which in turn can help control your cholesterol levels and assist in keeping your arteries clean.

Given the fact that many of us take in at least three meals per day, our body’s digestive process is always at work. Bodily acids play a huge role in digesting food, and, whenever you drink cold water, the bile (i.e. acid secreted from your liver) becomes less effective. Moreover, drinking cold water can lead to an array of issues overtime, like constipation, bloating, and even weight gain.

Drink water only when you’re thirsty

According to Ayurveda, everyone is born unique, and this uniqueness can be found in almost everything. Drinking eight glasses of water each day is not a definitive rule given that everyone has their own unique need for water. Your need for hydration will not be the same as the person standing right next to you. Drinking either too much or too little can cause problems. Therefore, the only reliable signal that your body can produce to prompt hydration is the feeling of thirst itself.

Factors such as your physical activity levels and the type of climate in which you reside are important to take into consideration when determining how much water you need to drink daily. Understandably, those who live in hotter climates would require more frequent hydration than those who live in colder climates. Our own bodies cleverly tell us when we need hydration simply by giving us tell-tale signals. Dry lips, dry throat, sluggishness and hunger are just a few of the primary signs our body produces to indicate that it needs to be hydrated. Learn to stay connected with your body and pay attention to its hydration cues.

Know your dosha type

Knowing your dosha composition can also help you better understand when it is best to drink water in order to maximize its benefits, especially when it comes to syncing hydration with your meals. Drinking before, during or after a meal simply does not apply as a best practice for everyone. Knowing your dosha can be done by doing a self-test or by consulting an experienced Ayurvedic practitioner.

For those with a 'vata' dosha type, it is best to drink water no sooner than an hour after eating your meal, as this will permit your body to focus on digesting the food. As for 'pitta' types, which are prone to acidity, it is best to drink water in small sips while having your meal, as this will permit your body to better balance the acidic juices secreted in your stomach. And lastly, for 'kapha' types, it is best to drink water an hour before eating your meal; this is for you to avoid overeating, which may cause digestive and other issues.

Drink water stored in copper vessels

You may want to consider using a natural water purifier such as a copper vessel. Copper vessels can effectively alkalinize water, and it is just as easy as filling the copper container with water and storing it overnight. The water will safely and naturally absorb small amounts of copper from the vessel. The same principle applies to water that passes through rocks in a mineral-rich, natural mountain environment.

Tamra Jal, or copper-charged water, can help balance all three doshas. In addition, copper is a natural antibacterial agent which can help protect your body against free radicals. It also contains many antioxidants that can help improve your overall appearance and well-being. Ayurveda advises drinking copper-charged water first thing in the morning to maximize its benefits.


Each of us is comprised mostly of water, and we should not underestimate its importance in our daily lives. It is vital to hydrate properly, and, by following the above tips and using a Shantiva copper pitcher, you can ensure that the water you drink will be more effective at fulfilling its purpose. If you have not tried practicing the above Ayurvedic principles, today is the perfect time to start! 


Natural Alkaline Water: Health Benefits of Drinking It

Natural Alkaline Water: Health Benefits of Drinking It

Did you know that you can level up your water intake by drinking alkaline water? In this post, we explain what alkaline water is and how drinking it can have a positive effect on your health. Let's dive in!

Understanding Alkalinity, Acidity, and pH Levels

Drinking plenty of water is always beneficial to the body. While it is possible to go a few days without food, one will not survive long without water. An average adult body is composed of about 50 to 60 percent water. Just losing two percent of water content in the body can lead to dehydration and cause reduced performance, impaired concentration, and fatigue. It is widely recommended to drink six to eight glasses of water daily.

However, what kind of water should you drink? As it happens, you can enjoy significant benefits by drinking alkaline water. Alkalinity is the capacity of water to neutralize acids. pH is used to describe how basic or acidic a liquid is. When the two opposites alkali and acidic are present in a solution, they neutralize each other. Alkaline solutions (also known as basic solutions) have a high hydrogen potential and can readily combine with hydrogen molecules. Acids have low hydrogen potential and will not readily merge with hydrogen molecules. When an alkali substance is added to an acidic mixture, it causes a reaction that results in neutralization.

Some naturally occurring alkali include metals such as lithium, sodium, copper, potassium, rubidium, and cesium. Foods that are alkali include almonds, asparagus, avocado, and broccoli. Diets such as the alkaline diet are said to help the body maintain an alkaline state and therefore provide more energy, assist in weight loss, and prevent certain diseases.

On the other hand, naturally acidic substances include hydrochloric acid (the stomach’s digestive compound), nitric acid, and sulfuric acid. Food that can be acidic when processed by the body include sugar, grains, meat, fish, and sodas. Consuming too much acidic food can cause adverse effects on the health and may make your body more susceptible to contracting illnesses.

Substances with 1 to 6.5 pH level are acidic, while solutions that have pH levels above 7 are alkaline. With the red litmus paper test (used for alkaline pH tests), the paper will turn blue when dipped in an alkaline substance. The red paper will remain as is when it comes into contact with an acidic or neutral solution. pH test strips can also be used for a more accurate reading. These strips also change color when they come into contact with acidic or alkaline substances. An indicator numbered with the pH level and a corresponding color scale is used to match the result of the strip after it has been dipped into a solution.

What’s Wrong with Regular Water?

Most tap water has been treated to suit practical uses, such as laundry, washing/cleaning objects or industrial uses. This may not sound very pleasant if you tend to drink tap water. Some types of water, like distilled water, may be stripped of essential minerals during the production process.

One case-controlled study sought to investigate how drinking water source and tap water consumption may be connected with bladder cancer. The researchers profiled the water source and corresponding residential address annually. The researchers discovered that beverages made with tap water increased the risk of bladder cancer. Notably, the risk gradient of the intake was found in persons who had a 40-year exposure to chlorinated surface water and was absent in respect of those who consumed non-chlorinated groundwater.

What is Alkaline Water?

The level of alkalinity in water relates to how effectively it can completely neutralize acids. Water typically has a pH level of seven. Alkaline water has a pH level boosted to around eight or nine.

How is Alkaline Water Produced?

One natural process that elevates the pH level of water occurs when water flows through springs and rocks. As water travels through these areas, it becomes naturally filtered and absorbs minerals from the earth. Manufacturers who sell spring water remove impurities and bacteria to make it safe to drink while retaining the minerals and other naturally occurring components.

One process for producing artificial alkaline water is known as ionization. The result of the process is known as Electrolyzed Reduced Water. The ionization process uses electricity to split apart water molecules and force the water into a greater state of alkalinity. Alkaline water machines often increase the pH of water from 7, or the “neutral” pH level of normal water, to an extreme pH of 12 or even 13, which is just short of the highest possible pH level of 14.

Reverse osmosis is another artificial method to raise the alkaline level of water. It is a process used to demineralize or deionize water by pushing it under pressure through a semi-permeable membrane. The pressure used pushes pure water molecules through the membrane and leaves behind any bacteria, contaminates and minerals. The pure water can then be consumed while the contaminated water is discarded.

You can also make your own natural alkaline water at home by simply storing water in a copper vessel like a copper pitcher. Water stored in a copper vessel will become increasingly alkaline the longer it remains in the copper vessel, and the speed and degree of the alkalinization process will depend on various environmental factors, including the temperature of the water and its original pH level. In general, the natural alkalinization process will occur a bit faster if the water is at room temperature or slightly warmer. Very small amounts of copper are then naturally and safely absorbed into the water. This naturally ionizes the water and causes the water to become natural alkaline water.

When Was Alkaline Water First Discovered?

The birth of interest in alkaline water can perhaps be traced to Dr. Henri Coanda (1886-1972), a Romanian scientist, inventor, and Nobel Prize winner. He spent the latter days of his career investigating the longevity and health of the people in Hunza Valley, a mountainous region north of Pakistan. Burushos, the natives of Hunza, lived an average lifespan of 120 to 140 years, which greatly intrigued Dr. Coanda. Interestingly, another researcher named Dr. John Clark later found that the Burushos measured age by both personal estimation and calendars which could have contributed to the notion of longer lifespans.

Dr. Coanda's study was later carried on by other scientists, one of them being Patrick Flanagan who was heralded by Life Magazine as one of the top ten promising scientists in the United States. Flanagan first identified societies around the world who had the most extended lifespans. He settled on five regions and studied their lifestyles. He found that each of the communities had a diversified diet. The only common denominator Flanagan could hypothesize was the quality of water they drank.

He discovered that the source of their water was melted glaciers. The water that came from this source was soon termed “glacial milk” or “Hunza Water.” It was discovered that the surface tension of water was lower, similar to the type of fluid that surrounds the body’s cells. Flanagan attempted to replicate the quality of the Hunza water and carried on further research to improve it. Other researches have also acknowledged Hunza water’s unique qualities and sought to find how water can be put into an optimally ideal state that is beneficial to human health.

Benefits of Drinking Alkaline Water

Some benefits of consuming alkaline water include:

  1. Strengthens your bones and prevents osteoporosis;
  2. Improves muscle condition;
  3. Aids in nerve development;
  4. Keeps the heart healthy and controls blood pressure;
  5. Boosts the body’s metabolism and helps in digestion; and
  6. Functions as an antioxidant and supports the body’s detoxification process.

Below are summaries of some scientific experiments and research that studied the effects of alkaline water on the body.

One research study investigated the effects of drinking alkaline water as a supplementary treatment for reflux diseases. Pepsin, the enzyme in the stomach that breaks down proteins, can cause laryngeal damage in laryngopharyngeal reflux and esophageal damage in gastroesophageal reflux disease. The researchers attempted to determine if water with a higher alkaline pH level of 8.8 could inactivate the acidity of pepsin and serve as an acid buffer. The results of their study showed that the high alkaline water was able to subdue the acidic quality of pepsin. The researchers concluded that the high pH level of alkaline water could provide therapeutic benefits for patients with reflux diseases.

Another study explored how electrolyzed high-pH alkaline water can affect blood viscosity and evaluated biomarkers after drinking electrolyzed high-pH alkaline water as replenishment after exercise-induced dehydration. To easily understand the concept of blood viscosity, the study compares the consistency of blood. When the viscosity level is high, this means the blood is thicker and will make the heart pump harder. High blood viscosity can lead to fatal diseases and heart attack. The test included one hundred adults who were in good health and were asked to exercise in a warm environment until their body weight was slightly reduced due to perspiration. Some of the participants drank electrolyzed, high-pH alkaline water while the others consumed standard water. The results of the test showed that those who consumed the electrolyzed alkaline water had a reduced viscosity of an average of 6.30% compared to the 3.36% result of those who drank regular water.

Another research study was conducted to evaluate the effects of drinking alkaline mineral water in reducing bone resorption. The researchers noted that dietary acids could speed bone loss. The study involved 30 women who were randomly separated into two groups. Each cluster drank two types of water: one was calcium-rich acidic water and the other was bicarbonate-rich alkaline water. Although the results showed that the acid, calcium-rich water did not have any significant effect on bone resorption, the alkaline water remarkably reduced the levels of two hormones in the body commonly used by doctors to measure bone loss: parathyroid hormone (PTH) and serum C-telopeptide (CTX).

One study sought to discover the effects of bicarbonate-alkaline mineral water on digestive motility and gastrointestinal disorders. The researchers used Uliveto, a natural bicarbonate-alkaline mineral water. The study used rats as subjects and induced diarrhea and constipation with the use of loperamide. The subjects then consumed Uliveto water. The experiment found that the Uliveto water enhanced gastric emptying and concluded that it could provide beneficial effects on motility when bowel motor problems were present. However, there has yet to be research conducted to see if the same effects can be found in humans.

Is Drinking Alkaline Water Always Good?

The process of producing artificial alkaline water (using an alkaline water machine or an electrical ionizer) runs the risk of demineralizing the water. The World Health Organization notes several health risks associated with drinking demineralized water including:

  • Reduced amount of calcium, magnesium, and other essential elements that could be absorbed by the body;
  • Potentially increasing the dietary intake of toxic metals, which can be caused by higher leaching of metals that the water comes into contact with and lower antitoxic capacity caused by the reduced amount of calcium and magnesium; and
  • Possible bacterial contamination of low-mineral water.

WHO suggests that drinking water “should contain minimum levels of certain essential minerals.” Some household treatments including electric ionization risk stripping away these vital minerals.

Precautions and Things to Consider when Drinking Alkaline Water

If you are thinking of making the switch to drinking alkaline water, you will need to be careful where you source the water. Alkalized bottled water may have had important elements removed during the production process that can be beneficial to the body. Some unscrupulous vendors can even package normal tap water and market it as alkalized water.

If you are considering buying a machine that can produce ionized alkaline water, be aware that the machine may remove essential elements from the water and demineralize it, causing more harm than good.

Overall, we recommend drinking natural alkaline water that contains essential minerals from a spring. You can also create your own natural alkaline water by using a copper vessel.


Copper Pitchers: Health Benefits and Recent Studies

Copper Pitchers: Health Benefits and Recent Studies

Did you know that according to Ayurvedic medicine drinking water from a copper pitcher can have significant health benefits? In this post, we discuss research studies which show the benefits of drinking water stored in copper vessels and explain how you can harness those same benefits for yourself and your family.


While the concept of storing water in copper vessels arose centuries ago and has its origins in Ayurvedic medicine, it is increasingly gaining attention from the mainstream scientific community. In particular, recent studies have confirmed that water stored in a copper vessel can have very attractive health benefits.

One recent study concerning the health benefits of drinking water stored in a copper water pitcher was inspired by the reality that microbially-unsafe water is still a major concern in most developing countries. The researchers noted that although many water-purification methods exist, they are expensive and beyond the reach of many people, especially in rural areas.

In light of the fact that Ayurveda recommends the use of copper for storing drinking-water, the objective of the researchers’ study was to evaluate the effect of a copper jug on microbially-contaminated drinking-water.

In brief, the researchers began by contaminating drinking water with a significant quantity of various dangerous and potentially life-threatening bacteria, including e. coli, salmonella, and many others. Once the water was thoroughly contaminated by the bacteria, the researchers left it in a copper pitcher for 16 hours at room temperature.

Incredibly, following the 16 hour storage period, no bacteria could be recovered from the copper pitcher. In addition, recovery attempts failed even after the researchers attempted to “resuscitate” the bacteria by pouring enrichment broth into the water in order to “feed” the bacteria.

In that same study, the researchers also concluded that storage of water in the copper jug caused the pH of the water to increase. In particular, after 16 hours, the pH of the water increased from 7.83 to 7.93 while the other attributes of the water remained unchanged. Various other studies have shown that drinking natural alkaline water can have a wide variety of health benefits.

In another recent study, the same researchers poured water contaminated with bacteria into a copper jug as well as glass bottles and stored them for a number of hours at room temperature. Although no bacteria was later recoverable from the copper jug, bacteria was recoverable from the glass bottles.

In essence, the researchers concluded in both studies that the storage of the contaminated water in the copper jug had completely eliminated the bacteria. They also concluded that “copper holds promise as a point-of-use solution for microbial purification of drinking-water, especially in developing countries.”


Top Benefits of Lemon Water

Top Benefits of Lemon Water

In recent years there has been a sudden surge in the popularity of drinking lemon-infused water. You may have noticed friends or colleagues adding slices of lemon to their water glasses. You may have also read articles about the benefits of drinking lemon water. But what does science show in terms of the benefits of drinking lemon-infused water?

This article discusses current research and studies that were conducted to explore the positive effects lemon juice can have on the body.

Nutritional Content

Lemons (scientific name Citrus limon) are distinguishable by their bright yellow rind and tangy taste. They are a well-celebrated ingredient in culinary dishes but have also become a popular addition to drinking water. In an assessment of the nutritional content of raw lemon juice, it was discovered that it is low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. It is also an excellent source of potassium and vitamin C.


Lemons are rich in flavonoids, which are involved in many of the body’s biological processes. A study was conducted to assess how much of the flavanones hesperidin, diosmin, and eriocitrin were present in lemons. The study found that lemons were rich in all three flavanones. These flavanones are often used to treat blood vessel conditions like hemorrhoids and poor circulation. As such, lemons could have an appealing application in medical and pharmaceutical treatment of blood vessel conditions.

The benefits of citrus flavonoids present in lemons are reinforced in this study that suggests those flavonoids can have a positive effect in treating dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis, obesity, and atherosclerosis. Some experiments and clinical studies have discovered that citrus flavonoids have the ability to lower insulin and also possess antihypertensive and anti-inflammatory properties.

Lemon Polyphenols

In a study by Fukuchi et al. (2008), they explored the effects of dietary lemon polyphenols. They conducted this research on obese mice with a high-fat diet. They discovered the mice experienced a significant weight reduction when they were fed a diet rich in lemon polyphenols. The study suggests that lemon polyphenols can be used as supplements to suppress weight gain and body fat accumulation. However, there is still insufficient evidence as to the effects of lemon polyphenols on humans.

Antioxidant Component

Another study assessed the antioxidant component and capacity of four Tunisian Citrus varieties. It was discovered that these citrus types are rich in oleic and phenolic acid. Oleic acid helps reduce blood pressure, burn fat, and defend cells from free radical damage.

Vitamin C

Lemons are among the richest sources of vitamin C, and thus can help protect against colds, stroke, and aging skin. According to the US Department of Agriculture’s National Nutrient Database, a lemon weighing 100 g. contains 53 mg. of ascorbic acid (a highly absorbable form of vitamin C). Of course, this amount decreases as the serving is reduced. A wedge of lemon contains 3.7 mg. of ascorbic acid, while 100 g. of raw lemon juice has about 38.7 mg. of ascorbic acid.

Vitamin C is also an integral component in the synthesis of antioxidants. Because it is a water-soluble compound, it shields living organisms from oxidative stress. Some health conditions are a result of oxidant damage to tissues.

Having a steady supply of vitamin C is essential for the body, and drinking lemon-infused water is a great way to maintain healthy vitamin C levels. Doctors recommend an intake of at least 500 mg. of ascorbic acid each day.

A recent study aimed to discover whether taking vitamin C supplements affected the body’s immunological defense system. It was conducted by having the subject take vitamin C supplements of 1 g. (or 1000 mg.) for 11 weeks. At the end of the study, the researchers found increased levels of the antibody serums IgA and IgM. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is an essential antibody located in the mucous membrane, while IgM is found in the blood and lymph fluid, and is generated to fight infection.

If you already incorporate lemon-infused water into your daily routine and are using only a wedge of lemon, you would need to drink a lot of lemon water to consume 1 g./1000 mg. of vitamin C. However, drinking lemon-infused water throughout the day can help you reach the recommended daily 500 mg. of vitamin C. If you wish to consume more vitamin C, one shouldn’t rely on lemon-infused water as their only source of the vitamin.

Having a steady source of vitamin C is especially important because the human body cannot generate it. This is due to the absence of GULO (gulonolactone oxidase), which is the gene that synthesizes certain substances into vitamin C.

Lemon Peel and Phenolic Acid

Some studies have discovered that a high concentration of phenolic compounds are contained in the peel of the lemon. Phenolic compounds sourced specifically from herbs and plants enable the compound to exhibit bioactive characteristics such as being an antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic and anti-inflammatory agent. In this particular study, the lemon peel was dried, ground to pomace powder, and subjected to UV-C irradiation. Interestingly, this treatment of the lemon peel helped increase the phenolic and flavonoid content.

Unfortunately, there is no research that equates the effects of using a lemon wedge in lemon water with ingesting UV-C irradiated pomace lemon. This research, however, reveals the valuable nutrients available in the lemon peel.

With this in mind, you may think twice the next time you dispose of lemon peels. The zest of the lemon peel is often used in culinary dishes to add a refreshing, tangy taste. It also has various practical uses. If including the peel in your lemon-infused water, be careful to wash the peel thoroughly to remove any wax covering.

Lemon Juice as an Alternative Source of Potassium Citrate

A study was conducted to investigate whether lemon juice can be used as a source of potassium citrate to treat urinary calcium stones. The study groups ingested 85 milliliters of lemon juice daily. At the end of the test, researchers found that urinary calcium and uric acid levels in participants decreased. Abnormal urinary calcium levels can lead to kidney stones, and high levels of uric acid can lead to the formation of crystals in the joints. Thus, the researchers concluded that lemon juice could be used as an alternative source of potassium citrate in the treatment of kidney stones.

It should be noted that in the case of lemon water, water would dilute the full effects of lemon juice, and you would have to drink several glasses of lemon water to achieve the same results of the study.

Role in Iron Absorption

Ascorbic acid is widely believed to assist in the absorption of iron, as emphasized in this study. Ascorbic acid can help reduce ferric to ferrous iron, which helps the mucosal cells absorb and use iron. A test was also conducted to see whether a laboratory “lemon juice” supported the absorption of iron from a rice meal. The researchers discovered improved iron absorption when the test subjects consumed the researcher’s laboratory mix of “lemon juice” comprised of 100 milliliters of orange juice and 4 grams of citric acid.

There has yet to be a dedicated experiment conducted using pure lemon juice to understand how it can affect iron absorption. However, this is worth exploring to discover whether lemon juice can also have the same iron absorption assisting qualities as the orange juice concoction from the study above.

In addition, the presence of water in lemon-infused water may reduce the iron absorption effects, but it’s worth considering pairing your meals with lemon water instead of plain water.

The Best Temperature to Drink Your Lemon Water

There are varying opinions regarding the optimal temperature to drink lemon water. Some proponents say that if you’re aiming to improve your metabolism, it’s better to drink it cold first thing in the morning. Your body will burn calories to bring the cold temperature to a homeostatic level, although the water plays more of a role here than the actual lemon. Others have argued that drinking cold lemon water will inhibit its digestive benefits.

On the other hand, supporters of hot lemon water believe it can better assist the body’s detoxification process and helps balance pH levels. Some have contested this claim by saying that the hot temperature can impair the enzymatic properties of the lemon juice.

Perhaps the best temperature to drink your lemon water is warm or at room temperature. Goldilocks said it best when she said it should be neither too hot nor too cold, and needs to be just right. This temperature is believed to stimulate the lemon’s enzymatic properties and release more benefits.

The Best Time to Drink Lemon Water

First thing in the morning after waking is the best time to drink your first glass of lemon water. This can help cleanse the digestive system and rehydrate the body. The next best time to drink lemon water is 30 minutes before meals. This can help generate enzymes and digestive acid to help break down your food and extract the most nutrients. Furthermore, drinking fluids before mealtime can make you feel full, so you won’t be inclined to overeat. The best fluid to do this job is, of course, lemon water compared to any other fruit juice or beverage. It is not recommended, however, to drink any fluids during or after a meal as the liquid can dilute the body’s natural digestive substances. Should you feel the need to drink some liquid, opt for small amounts of room temperature lemon water.

The Acidic Content of Lemon and its Effect on Your Teeth

The acidic content of lemon can break down your teeth’s enamel over time. This can cause erosion that exposes the dentin, which makes your teeth frail and sensitive. To avoid this, you may want to use a reusable straw. Drinking from a straw will allow you to consume lemon water without it touching your teeth. It is also best to rinse your mouth every time you finish a glass to wash away any acid that may still be present on your teeth. Remember not to brush your teeth immediately after drinking lemon-infused water because the acid will have softened the enamel and brushing your teeth will make them more vulnerable to erosion.

How to Make Lemon and Copper-infused Water

It is an excellent idea to combine the effects of copper-infused water with the benefits of lemon for supercharged water you can sip all day long!

  1. First, fill your copper pitcher with cold water before bed and leave on your counter overnight.
  2. First thing in the morning, clean a fresh lemon by boiling water, putting the lemon in a strainer, and pouring the boiling water over the lemon. This will remove any bacteria and melt most wax from the lemon. Next, rinse the lemon thoroughly under running water while scrubbing the peel using a brush to eliminate any remaining wax.
  3. Slice the lemon into wedges, about 8 slices per lemon.
  4. Squeeze 1-3 lemon wedges into a water glass* and top with room temperature copper-infused water from your copper pitcher.
  5. Repeat throughout the day as needed. About 6 glasses of lemon water a day are recommended.

*Copper can react with certain acids, including citric acid found in lemons, so it's best to only use water in your copper pitcher and use a separate glass when making lemon water.


Now that you know some of the health benefits associated with lemon, you may want to start your own healthy lemon water routine. Not only is it good for your body, but it is also a refreshing way to cool down and rehydrate. It is also healthier than commercialized fruit juices that are loaded with sugar. It is also a great option if you prefer not to drink coffee or tea. The tangy taste of lemon water will encourage you to drink more and more water intake is always a good idea.